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Publisher's Foreword for Second Printing

Introduction - of Rebbes and Stories

Enhancing Achievement

The Concerns of This World

Borrowed Resources

Encouraging Jewish Advancement

With Sensitivity, Purpose, and Vitality

To Be a Rebbe



A Dollar for Tzedakah - A Fountain of Blessing

A Great Treasure

The Quality of Mercy

Nerve Center for the World



To Know and To Care - Volume 1
An Anthology of Chassidic Stories
about the Lubavitcher Rebbe,
Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson


by Eliyahu and Malka Touger

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An asterisk indicates a cross reference within this Glossary. All non-English entries are Hebrew unless otherwise indicated.

"770"770 Eastern Parkway, the address of Lubavitch World Headquarters today
Adarthe twelfth month of the Jewish year when counting from Nissan (or the sixth when counting from Tishrei); the month of joy and celebration in which the holiday of Purim is celebrated
afikomanthe piece of the middle matzah* which is broken at the beginning of the Pesach Seder,* hidden throughout the recitation of the Haggadah, and eaten at the conclusion of the festive meal
aliyah(lit., "ascent"): immigration to Eretz Yisrael
Aron HaKodesh(lit., "the holy ark"): the place where the Torah scrolls are held in a synagogue
Asiyah(lit., "action"), the World of: the lowest of the four spiritual worlds
Atzilus(lit., "emanation"), the World of: the highest of the four spiritual worlds, the world which is in a state of infinity, but nevertheless, contains entities whose nature is defined
bris(lit., "covenant"): referring to the covenant of circumcision
Chabad(acronym for the Hebrew words meaning "wisdom, understanding, and knowledge"): the approach to Chassidism which filters its spiritual and emotional power through the intellect; a synonym for Chabad is *Lubavitch, the name of the town where this movement originally flourished
Chabad HouseAn outreach center established by the Chabad movement
challaha loaf of fine bread baked in honor of the Sabbath and festivals
Chanukah(lit., "dedication"): eight-day festival beginning 25 Kislev, commemorating the Maccabees' rededication of the Temple in the second century B.C.E., and marked by the kindling of lights
chassid(a) adherent of the Chassidic movement; (b) follower of a Rebbe
Chassiduschassidic thought
cheder (pl., chadarim)school in which young children learn reading skills and begin the study of the Torah
chol hamoedThe intermediate days of a festival
davenning(Yid.): "prayers".
erevthe day preceding
Elulthe sixth month of the Jewish year when counting from Nissan (or the twelfth when counting from Tishrei); a month devoted to repentance and soul-searching in preparation for the Days of Awe
Eretz Yisraelthe Land of Israel
farbrengena gathering of chassidim
gabbaithe person responsible for the proper functioning of a synagogue or communal body
gartelprayer belt
gemachan acronym for the Hebrew words gemilus chesed which mean "deed of kindness," a term used for an interest-free loan, or for a fund which distributes such loans
halachah (pl., halachos)(a) the body of Torah law; (b) a particular law
Havdalah(lit., "distinction"): the blessings recited over a cup at the conclusion of a Sabbath or festival to distinguish it from the ordinary weekdays that follow
ikvesa diMeshicha(Aram.): the time when the approaching footsteps of Mashiach can be heard
kashrusthe state of being kosher*
kiddush(lit., "sanctification"): (a) the blessing over the wine expressing the sanctity of the Sabbath or of a festival; (b) refreshments served in the synagogue after the recital of kiddush, the occasion is usually graced by the sharing of Torah thoughts and song
Kiddush Levanah(lit., "the sanctification of the moon"): a group of prayers recited in the first half of each month blessing the new moon
kohenpriests, the descendants of Aaron
kosher(lit., "fit for use"): an adjective used to indicate that food or religious articles have met the standards Torah law prescribes for their use
lechaim(lit., "to life"): the toast offered over strong drink
maamara Chassidic discourse
maarivthe evening prayer service
machzorthe special prayer book used on holidays
Mashiach(lit., "the anointed one"): the Messiah
mashpia(lit., "source of influence"): a spiritual mentor serving in a yeshivah* or a chassidic community
matzah (pl., matzos)the unleavened bread eaten on Passover
mechitzah(lit., "partition"): the partition separating between the men's and women's sections in a synagogue.
MemThe thirteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet
menorahThe candelabra in the Temple; the term is also used to refer to the candelabra lit on Chanukah
mezuzah (pl., mezuzos; lit., "doorpost")a small parchment scroll affixed to a doorpost which contains the first two paragraphs of the Shema (Deuteronomy 6:4-9 and 11:13-21)
mikveh (pl., mikvaos)a ritual bath used by women for purification after emerging from the state of niddah, and used by both men and women in their endeavors to attain spiritual self-refinement
minchahthe afternoon prayer service
minyan(lit., "number"): the quorum necessary for prayer
mitzvah (pl., mitzvos; lit., "command")a religious obligation; one of the Torah's 613 Commandments
Moshe RabbeinuMoses our teacher
Negevthe southern portion of Eretz Yisrael*
nigleh(lit., "the revealed [knowledge]"): the study of the Jewish law as reflected in the Talmud, and in the works of the subsequent commentaries and codifiers
nistar(lit., "the hidden knowledge"): the Jewish mystic tradition, also known as the Kabbalah
Nissanthe first month of the Jewish year according to certain reckonings, or the seventh when counting the months from Tishrei; the month of the Exodus from Egypt
PesachPassover, seven-day (eight in the diaspora) festival beginning on 15 Nissan, commemorating the Exodus from Egypt
Pesach Sheni(lit., "the second Passover"): opportunity given to certain persons who were unable to offer the Paschal sacrifice to do so one month later, on 14 Iyar
Purim(lit., "lots"): one-day festival falling on 14 Adar and commemorating the miraculous salvation of the Jews of the Persian Empire in the fourth century B.C.E.
Rambam(acronym for Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon; 1135-1204): Maimonides, one of the foremost Jewish thinkers of the Middle Ages; his Mishneh Torah is one of the pillars of Jewish law, and his Guide to the Perplexed, one of the classics of Jewish philosophy
Rashi(acronym for Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki; 1040-1105): The sage whose commentaries on the Torah and the Talmud are regarded as the classic guides to these texts.
rav(lit., "Rabbi"): the halachic authority and spiritual guide of a community
Reb(Yid.): for Mr.
Rebbe(lit., "my teacher [or master]"): saintly Torah leader who serves as spiritual guide to a following of chassidim
Rebbitzinthe wife of a Rabbi or Rebbe
Rosh HaShanah(lit., "head of the year"): the New Year festival, falling on [1] and [2] Tishrei
Rosh Yeshivah(lit. "head of the academy"): an academic leader of a yeshivah*
Seder(lit., "order"): the order of service observed at home on the first two nights of Passover (see *Pesach)
shaliach(lit., "agent"): an emissary of the Lubavitcher Rebbe Shlita* involved in Jewish outreach work
Shabbosthe Sabbath
Shavuos(lit., "weeks"): festival commemorating the Giving of the Torah at Sinai, in Eretz Yisrael falling on 6 Sivan, and in the Diaspora on 6-7 Sivan
Shlitaan acronym for the Hebrew words meaning: "May he live a long and good life"
shochetritual slaughterer
shomer-ShabbosSabbath observant
shtetl(Yid. "village"): the Eastern European townships where many Jews lived in the previous centuries
Simchas Torah(lit., "the rejoicing of the Torah"): the final day (in Eretz Yisrael, the eighth day; in the diaspora, the ninth) of the festival of Sukkos on which the annual cycle of Torah readings is completed; this event is celebrated with exuberant rejoicing
Sivanthe third month of the Jewish year when counting from Nissan (or the ninth when counting from Tishrei)
Sukkos(lit., "Booths"): seven-day festival (eight days in the Diaspora) beginning on 15 Tishrei, taking its name from the temporary dwelling in which one lives during this period
Talmudthe basic compendium of Jewish law, thought, and Biblical commentary; when unspecified refers to the Babylonian Talmud authored in Mesopotamia at the end of the fifth century C.E.
Tammuzthe fourth month of the Jewish year when counting from Nissan (or the tenth when counting from Tishrei)
Tanyathe classic text of *Chabad chassidic thought authored by the Alter Rebbe
tefillinsmall black leather cubes containing parchment scrolls inscribed with the Shema and other Biblical passages; bound to the head and forearm, customarily worn by men during the morning prayer service
tish(Yid.): "table"; i.e., the ceremonial Sabbath meal which a chassidic Rebbe conducts in the company of his chassidim
Tishreithe first month of the Jewish year according to certain reckonings, or the seventh when counting the months from Nissan; the month which includes *Rosh HaShanah, *Yom Kippur and *Sukkos
Tevesthe tenth month of the Jewish year when counting from Nissan (or the fourth when counting from Tishrei)
tzaddik, pl. tzaddikimrighteous man, often used as a synonym for Rebbe
Uforatza(lit., "and you shall spread out"): the Biblical phrase that has become a byline for Lubavitch outreach efforts
Yasher Koacha term used to imply both congratulations and thanks
yechidahthe highest of the five levels of the soul, the rung in which the soul is united in absolute unity with G-d
yechidusa private meeting with a Rebbe
yeshivah, pl. yeshivosRabbinical academy
Yid(Yid.): Jew
Yom Kippurthe Day of Atonement, fast day falling on 10 Tishrei and climaxing the Days of Awe
Yud-Beis Tammuzthe twelfth of Tammuz; the Previous Rebbe's birthday and the anniversary of his release from capital sentence and imprisonment in Soviet Russia in 1927
Yud Shvat(lit., "the Tenth of Shvat"): anniversary of the passing of the *Previous Rebbe in 1950
Yud-Tes Kislev(lit., "the Nineteenth of Kislev"): anniversary of the passing of the Maggid of Mezritch in 1772, and anniversary of the release from capital sentence of his disciple, the *Alter Rebbe, in 1798

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