|Sefer HaToldos Admur Maharash|
A Biographical Sketch Of The Rebbe Maharash,
Compiled By The Rebbe From The Sichos And Notes Of His Father-In-Law,
The Rebbe Rayatz Nshmoso Eden
With Supplementary Material, Including A Newly Discovered Biography Of Rebbetzin Rivkah
His Descendants And His Seforim
Translated by Shimon Neubort
Published and copyright © by Sichos In English
(718) 778-5436 • info@SichosInEnglish.org • FAX (718) 735-4139
- The child prodigy, gaon and tzaddik R. Avraham Sender:
[Regarding him,] my father (the Rebbe Rashab) related to me: "My saintly father the Rebbe [Maharash] told me that my older brother, the gaon and tzaddik R. Avraham Sender, possessed outstanding talents and was a master of both intellect and character. He passed away at the age of eight years."
Among the sacred letters written by our saintly ancestors the Rebbeim there is a note written by my grandfather the Rebbe Maharash to the Tzemach Tzedek in which he ascribes the death of his saintly son Avraham Sender to a certain cause. The Tzemach Tzedek replied to him that it was not so. The Rebbe also said there that the young child Avraham Sender possessed the soul of the Alter Rebbe.
When the young child Avraham Sender was four years old, the Tzemach Tzedek studied Mishnayos with him. While learning a Mishnah he was able to state everything that is written in the Gemara [about that Mishnah]. He possessed great innocence, and had no idea what it meant to play; he was constantly occupied with Torah study and davening.
When he passed away, [his grandfather] the Tzemach Tzedek was present, as well as his father [the Rebbe Maharash] and his brothers. They witnessed wondrous things concerning him: His mental state was totally composed at the time of his passing; everyone was amazed by his great control of his intellectual faculties. On the day that he passed away he declared that the Alter Rebbe had promised to visit him, and so he requested that they dress him in his Shabbos clothes. He davened Minchah joyfully; after Aleinu he recited Shema Yisrael, and his soul departed as he was saying Havayah Echad.
- Rav Schneur Zalman Aharon:
He was born on Thursday of Parshas Matos, 19 Tammuz 5618. He was named Schneur Zalman after the Alter Rebbe, and Aharon after his maternal grandfather. At the bris of his sons and grandsons, the Tzemach Tzedek would also give them abbreviated names (Maharil, Maharash, etc.). Him, he named Raza, following the terminology of the Zohar: "This is a hidden mystery."
His first marriage - to Sterna Sarah, daughter of his uncle the Rebbe R. Yisrael Noach of Niezhin - took place in Lubavitch during the month of Cheshvan 5634. His daughters were Dinah, who passed away as a young child, and Sarah (Wolfsohn). His second wife was Basyah. He passed away 11 MarCheshvan 5669.
- The Rebbe R. Shalom Dov Ber:
He was born on Monday of Parshas Chaye Sarah, 20 MarCheshvan 5621. He passed away on Motzoei Shabbos Parshas Vayikra, the eve of Sunday, 2 Nissan 5680. For highlights of his biography - together with his photograph and a bibliography of his seforim - see Kuntres Chanoch LaNaar.
- Rav Menachem Mendel:
He was born on 6 Adar 5627. His first marriage - to Ms. Schreiber, a descendant of the Chasam Sofer - took place in Lubavitch after the festival of Shavuos 5642. His second wife was Basyah, daughter of the gaon and chassid Reb Nachum Dov Ber, son of the Rebbe R. Yosef Yitzchak of Avrutch, son of the Tzemach Tzedek. His third wife was Yehudis Kossman.
His children from his second marriage were: a son, Yisrael Dov Ber; daughters, Mussia (who died as a young child) and Chanah (Ozerman).
His children from his third marriage were a son, Binyamin (who died while still a young boy) and a daughter Mandeleh (Edmah).
Devorah Leah, wife of the rav and chassid Reb Moshe Aryeh Leib Ginsburg of Vitebsk.
Her sons were Dov Ber, Aharon Yosef, and Shmuel. Her daughters were Mussia (Gurevitch), Sheina (Mayerovitch), Rachel, and Chassia.
Chayah Mushka, wife of the rav and chassid Reb Moshe HaKohen Horenstein.
Her sons were:
Her daughters were:
- Shmuel, whose wife was Branka (née Gesundheit); they had a son Uri and a daughter Miriam;
- the rav and chassid Reb Menachem Mendel, whose wife was Sheina, daughter of my father-in-law the Rebbe [Rayatz] Shlita.
- Sarah, whose first husband was Mr. Shmuel Rubenstein; her second husband was Mr. Kalman Liss, with whom she had a son Yaakov Yosef;
- Rachel, wife of Mr. Pinchas Leib Landau, with whom she had a son Zalman David;
- Leah, who passed away while still a young child.
At this point in the Hebrew Edition there appears a bibliography of the seforim written by the Rebbe Maharash, and a list of his maamarim. The list of maamarim bears the following preface:
This list is incomplete, for to date I have not succeeded in locating all the notebooks of Chassidus written during the years of his reign. I request of anyone who has in his possession a maamar of Chassidus of the Rebbe Maharash Nshmoso Eden that does not appear in the present list to send the maamar to the editorial board of Otzar HaChassidim (to be later returned to him, should he so desire). If it is confirmed that it is indeed by the Rebbe Maharash, (occasionally the copyists erred in attributing the authorship of a maamar) it will be included in a supplementary list to be printed at a future date.
- (Back to text) [There appears to be some error here; Thursday of Parshas Matos fell on 19 Tammuz in the year 5619; in 5618, Thursday of Parshas Pinchas fell on 19 Tammuz.]
- (Back to text) [In Aramaic, da raza temira.]
- (Back to text) [English Edition, pp. 5, 87-89.]
- (Back to text) [In 5741 a revised edition was published, with additions to the list of the Rebbe Maharash's maamarim.]